﻿Coincidence and causality

# Coincidence and causality

Some people think that coincidence does not exist.
The fact is that we humans are "accidentally" not to know everything in advance, because 'accidentally'
life is too complex. Based on that gigantic ignorance at least it is useful to mention the many
unknown causes affecting chance. With this definition coincidence indeed.

Causality
Many things do not just happen. They are a result of a cause. That is the principle of causality.
There is a time sequence: first the cause, then the result.

A falling stone
During the fall of a stone, there is a sequence of events. We can put in the following diagram.
That arrangement is possible because a certain correlation between these facts exists.
CAUSERESULT
I release a stoneDe stone starts to fall
Gravity is acting on the stonethe stone starts to fall
The stone is fallingIt is losing height
The stone is fallingIts speed is increasing
The stone's speed is increasingIts kinetic energy inceases
It is losing heightIts gravity energy deceases
It is losing heightThe stone hits the ground
The stone hits the groundThe ground brakes the stone heavily
The stone hits the groundThe floor is damaged
The stone hits the groundThe stone is damaged

The utter conclusion to be taken from this 'story' is:
the root causes of the damage are gravity and my will.

You yourself could continue this story. What is the result of 'the stone will damage the floor'?
For example I have the floor repaired or I buy a new floor or ... .

You may wonder whether any further step in this story has another consequence.

Always you can try to go further backwardly looking for deeper causes.
Then I ask the question: why do I let the stone fall?
You could think: because I could no longer hold the stone or because I'm rowdy or ... .

Each event would again have a cause. Many people think so, but the knowledge is often lacking.
Just look at the beginning of the schedule: what would be the cause of 'there is gravity on the stone'?
Albert Einstein claimed because the space-time continuum has been curved.
Do you understand? I do not, let alone that I would know the cause again.

A circular process
If after a number of causes and consequences repetition will occur, there is a circular process.
For example, consider the pendulum of a clock, precisely at a turning point reversing its movement.
The gravitational forces it to leave the highest position, one of the two reversal points [cause]
speed to the lowest setting where the speed is greatest [consequences].
The momentum developed [cause] he flies through the point of equilibrium and
he slowed up by gravity, until it reaches the other turning point [result].
This process is repeated many times. If there was no friction, the process would never even stop.

Belief in the principle of causality
Our whole thinking is strongly based on cause-effect relationships, just because 'it works'.
Legal reasoning - to convince the court that an accused person is guilty or not - is based on this.
In almost all sciences this principle of causality is trusted.
Only in quantum physics concerning components of atoms cause-effect relationships seemingly lost.
No one knows why.
In trio theory the causality principle returns. (Trio theory or trio physics (from the author of this
site is another and easier description of the nature than quantum physics)

There are some mathematical-looking statements about possible causal relationships.
With A and B we mean two different assertions.

We assume that A is the cause of B.
Then the statement that B causes A is a nonsense statement.
A is done in the time earlier than B.
If A then B.
B is the result of A.
B because of A.

Determinism
Thanks to causal relationships it is possible to reasonably credible predictions.
Because of the remaining uncertainty due to unforeseen events it is better to speak of expectations.
A famous saying is: sunshine follows the rain. The figurative causality is this:
After a miserable period in life a happier time will follow.

This form of 'divination', so based on cause and effect, is called determinism.
In all sciences: if you have enough knowledge about the present you can mention the progress of the future.
Thus, with thousands of years in advance in high degree of accuracy one can predict an eclipse.
Other highly predictable cases are the alternatio of eb tide and flood one aswell as the movements
of the members of our solar system. Although the expectations are very accurate, you never can be certain
because very unexpected events can change the course of things.
Nobody can predict the future for 100%.

Analysis
Determinism works forward in time: you try to predict consequences. Analysis goes right backwards.
When you try to analyze causes of events found by intellectual reasoning you are analyzing.
If you have a print of a bare foot in the sand discovered then here is a simple analysis:
Once at this place a human being was present with bare foot.

Following the previous example, it is clear that a detective must be able to analyze very well.
So you also have business analysts into business difficulties locating and reduce bottlenecks.
These problems must be solved.

A notorious analysis paradox: what came first? The chicken or the egg?

Statistical considerations
If physicists studying a gas than they 'observe' trillions of molecules. It is fundamentally
impossible to know the position of all those gas molecules nor their direction of movement nor their velocities. So they cannot follow all these changing values ​​in time.
However, in order to get meaningful results, statistical tricks and calculations are applied.
That is a gas so the only way to get to the core of the knowledge. Study about coincidence, chance
and probability plays an important role. In statistics, it is important to have a very large number
of objects. The greater the number of considered objects, the more reliable the statistical result.
Trillions of molecules is a very good meeting that requirement.
The statistical considerations and measurements of the gas prove to be a perfect match.
The main result is the general gas law:
the pressure of a gas times its volume equals
the general gas constant times the number of moles of gas times the absolute temperature.